Ball screens are vital in fashionable basketball. Defenses have give you completely different coverages to attempt to stop the offense from creating a bonus from the ball display screen. There are lots of defensive coverages similar to drop, high-flat, hedge, lure, swap, and extra. As a counter to many of those coverages the rescreen has turn into vital and has discovered new attention-grabbing functions that we’ll current.
Within the steady chess match between the offense and the protection, loads of protection options has been popularized as effectively. It’s exhausting to say “created” as nothing is absolutely fully new on this sport. Take into consideration flipping a display screen, altering the angle on the final second to stop an aggressive protection, or utilizing a brief roll to punish a lure to the ball as examples of protection options. Study extra about punishing coverages from The Basketball Podcast: EP81 Ross McMains on Offense
Rescreen vs Beneath
Let’s begin by analyzing the principle use of the rescreen. That is when the ball handler’s defender goes underneath the ball display screen and the ball handler doesn’t need to take a shot (for a number of causes similar to distance from the basket, particular person skills, second of the sport). The screener could make a fast pivot and re-screen the defender, now nearer to the basket than within the preliminary ball display screen.
Now that the motion is getting nearer to the rim, it will be even riskier going underneath the display screen. If the protection does actually go over the display screen the second time, the offense now has generated the momentarily 2-on-1 that’s the objective of each ball display screen motion.
Right here you possibly can see two video examples of the rescreen getting used for this particular objective:
Rescreen used vs. ICE Protection
In these two clips the protection is enjoying an ICE protection (attempting to maintain the ball on the facet) and we see a pleasant instance of nice teamwork between the ball-handler and screener, the true signal of a superb ball display screen.
First image: The protection is enjoying ICE, with the defender being between the ball handler and the screener, channeling the ball towards the sideline and the assistance defender.
Second image: On the similar time the screener begins to roll, forcing his defender to fret about him, the ball handler makes one robust dribble to assault. Now the ball appears to be over and the defender recovers again in entrance, and never on the facet.
Third image: Now the screener sprints again as much as display screen the ball once more. This time, he is ready to ship the ball handler towards the center of the court docket, the place the protection didn’t need him to go initially of the play.
Within the video, you possibly can see how the protection decides to go underneath this display screen, to keep away from a straightforward center drive, and the offense makes use of a rescreen.
Ought to the offense as an alternative simply flip the display screen instantly when the protection presents ICE protection? It is a legit query and in some conditions flipping the display screen and attacking that facet could possibly be the primary answer utilized by a group, however as an alternative let’s deal with one other essential level when utilizing a ball display screen: separation.
It’s one of many first issues you’ll hear in each gymnasium when teaching the right way to use the ball display screen and it’s simple to grasp why: creating separation with your individual defender permits you to have some treasured spatial and timing benefit if you flip the nook of the ball display screen. This expands the 2-on-1 benefit and forces the large man to finish an much more troublesome process.
Have a look at the separation for the time being of the rescreen: no contact, no inside foot attempting to cancel the display screen and move with the offensive participant, and no palms able to put strain on the ball handler proper after he turns the nook.
Rescreen when An Benefit is Not Triggered
To investigate this case, it’s essential to have clear in our minds what a slip is and which cues can lead the screener to provoke his roll early. Slipping as an alternative of smashing (creating contact after which roll) is changing into increasingly more standard in basketball.
The principle cause to slide is that the benefit is already triggered, and this could possibly be brought on by two cues:
- Studying the Screener’s Defender: the defender is already over the excessive shoulder of the screener, anticipating an aggressive protection or a swap. They might additionally merely be on the degree of the screener however with their legs straight, not able to play good protection on the slip.
- Studying the Ball Handler Defender: any such slip was much less used prior to now and it’s a particular function of a extra fashionable and dynamic type of play. The screener ought to learn the place of the defender if he’s attempting to pressure the ball handler into the display screen till the final second (I personally counsel my gamers deal with the hips of the defender because it’s the simpler cue for me). If the defender’s hips are open and they’re already chasing, the benefit is already created.
Try this video for examples:
To summarize this use of the rescreen, we need to rescreen when the benefit has not been triggered, or has been triggered however then misplaced, on the preliminary display screen or slip. This will occur because of an awesome effort by the protection cancelling the display screen, or by a misunderstanding of the 2 gamers concerned within the motion.
You may clearly see this idea used within the earlier video as there may be an preliminary ball display screen and the benefit is triggered BUT the defender is ready to recuperate in entrance of the ball. The offense then chooses to rescreen, creating an open lay-up alternative.
Rescreen vs. Aggressive Coverages
One other state of affairs the place the rescreen can be utilized successfully is when a protection performs an aggressive protection, like a hedge or a lure. It’s attainable to rescreen the defender and catch the screener’s defender in an unattainable place! It’s practically unattainable to be aggressive on two screens in a row.
Right here you see the protection being very aggressive, nearly at midcourt to hedge on the ball, whereas the ball handler defender goes over the display screen.
On this second image, you see how the curler stops to set a rescreen, and his defender is on the incorrect facet of the ground.
So now we have seen one other attainable use of the rescreen, which is to loosen up an aggressive protection.
I like to play satan’s advocate and I feel it’s a really profitable instrument to develop as a coach. I’m going to spend a while on arguments in opposition to the rescreen. Let’s return step-by-step and take into consideration how we may have solved these conditions with no rescreen:
Rescreen vs. Beneath: If we don’t need rescreens as a part of our system, we are able to deal with stopping this particular protection as an alternative of punishing it. This might imply a extra flat screening angle towards the baseline. This makes it more durable to go underneath with out permitting the offensive participant to get within the paint
Rescreen vs. ICE Protection: As a substitute of attempting to assault both with the screener or with the guard, we may do the other. This implies to take one dribble again diagonally towards the halfcourt and flip the display screen.
Rescreen When the Benefit is Not Triggered: We may merely coach our gamers to maneuver on to the subsequent set off, both enjoying a guard to protect DHO or perhaps lifting the large man again as much as move the ball to him and play on the other facet.
Rescreen vs. aggressive protection: We may ask for a distinct protection answer. For instance, the concept of “transferring it early and transferring it twice”, is a superb instrument vs. aggressive coverages that prescribe to the curler to roll deep, quick, and diagonally into the paint.
I feel that within the fashionable method of teaching, we are able to domesticate a group that’s capable of play completely different protection options all through the sport and the season. We can use SSGs and the CLA (constraints led method) to attempt to domesticate a number of protection options by altering the constraints to the offense and protection each time. With my group, I’ve usually performed guided protection conditions from 2v2 to 5v5 the place on the primary ball display screen if the protection was going underneath our main answer could be a rescreen. I’ve additionally performed 4v4/5v5 conditions the place the rescreen was not allowed and we stimulated gamers to give you various options to these coverages.
If we’re interested by knowledgeable group or a context the place each recreation is closely scouted and ready we are able to consider using strategic options to the issue.
I’ll give a fast instance. Let’s say that we’re enjoying in opposition to a group who’s main protection on ball screens is an aggressive hedge. We would determine that with our beginning 5, who is a superb passer and decision-maker within the brief roll, that we need to use that instrument, however with each different large man within the rotation we don’t really feel comfy utilizing that. We want to make use of the rescreen as a protection answer.
However this assumes that our group is already succesful to choose from their toolbox. It additionally assumes that the group has sufficient of an understanding of protection options that they know what works finest with every participant on the group. There is no such thing as a time to follow each single instrument in opposition to each single protection each week so you will need to prioritize.
Study extra concerning the rescreen on this video explainer: