Sustaining Offensive Benefit in Basketball

Let’s start by defining what an offensive benefit seems like. I take advantage of the next terminology to assist gamers in any respect ranges from youth to professional perceive what a bonus seems like. 

What Does an Benefit Look Like?

A positional benefit is when the defender’s positioning results in a bonus alternative. This might be a smaller benefit such because the defender on the offensive participant’s shoulder or a small distance away, or an even bigger benefit with the defender a sizeable hole away from the offensive participant. Positional benefit alternatives are most sometimes seen in close-out conditions, or if the defender is shifting at velocity and never utterly chest-to-chest (impartial). 

A person benefit might be a match-up benefit resembling an enormous being guarded by a small within the low put up (mouse) or a small being guarded by an enormous on the perimeter (some groups name this “elephant” within the NBA, however I take advantage of Zico Coronel’s “turtle” phrasing). Whereas these might result in apparent static 1 on 1 alternatives to transform the benefit, any dimension benefit the offensive participant possesses over their verify results in extra alternatives to take photographs which can not usually be potential.

A numerical benefit is conditions resembling a 1v0, 2v1, 3v2 and so on. Whereas these are commonest in transition, some coverages can result in momentary numerical benefits being created. For example, a 2 on 1 is created in a Decide and Roll whereas enjoying vs a drop protection, whereas a 3 on 2 or 4 on 3 might be created enjoying in opposition to a hedge if the ball handler passes the ball into the screener on a brief roll. 

A spacial benefit is conditions the place the offense has plenty of area resembling 1v1 in transition. Though the defender could also be in additional impartial positioning (chest-to-chest), the elevated area the offense has by means of the dearth of different gamers might put them at a slight benefit. 


Dominoes will be outlined because the second a bonus seems and we drive and kick or transfer the ball to get an important shot.

Ross McMains’ good dominoes idea serves as a enjoyable and contemporary analogy for serving to gamers perceive offensive benefit. Utilizing the time period dominoes helps gamers perceive that the goal of offense is to transform the benefit as soon as it seems by maintaining the dominoes falling till the sequence ends. Whereas the objective is to get the final domino to fall in a optimistic method by taking an important shot (I take advantage of the ROB framework of Vary, Open, Steadiness), much less fascinating endings might happen from poor shot choice or a turn-over.  Different dominoes risks embrace the alternative of Ross’ dominoes guidelines. These can be taking poor first contact choices, spacing which permits 1 defender to protect 2, and clogging the paint after a drive.

Ending Dominoes Possessions

From my expertise teaching in numerous nations throughout Europe, benefit is usually a troublesome phrase to grasp. The phrase for dominoes in every nation is usually very near the English and one thing specifically which resonates with youngsters. I don’t distinguish between a small benefit and massive benefit anymore. I discover that giving the goal of ending each dominoes possession with a ROB shot helps gamers perceive these ideas sufficient. It’s additionally vital to do not forget that ROB is totally different for each participant, as not everybody must shoot large benefit photographs. For a great shooter even at U16’s, taking pictures when in a small benefit state the place the protection can not alter the shot is a passable final result.

A method I assist gamers perceive that is for them to image a set of dominoes, with the final domino to fall being referred to as “ROB.” This implies it makes no distinction whether or not we get an extended dominoes possession with a number of drive, kick, further sequences or a brief possession with a set off and one cross. Typically the shorter possessions will be only if it ends within the ROB shot.

Even when the end result is a miss, you will need to encourage the behaviour and the hassle of the workforce in with the ability to persistently produce ROB photographs. Along with ROB, the shot threshold and high quality of the FG try additionally must be mentioned with the workforce to find out what sort of shot a GREAT shot actually is.

Discover out extra about Dominoes on this podcast with Ross McMains:

Phases of the Sport

Three levels exist for the offense inside any explicit possession: 

Benefit (Dominoes): the 4 sorts as outlined above: positional, particular person, numerical or spatial.

Impartial: not one of the 4 varieties of benefit exist. I.e. the protection are matched up with even numbers, like for like personnel, and the on-ball defender in a chest-to-chest relationship not giving up an apparent driving route.

Drawback: some coaches contemplate two defenders on the ball to be a bonus (e.g. a entice). I do contemplate this to truly be a drawback: it solely turns into a bonus if the ball leaves the offensive participant’s fingers and is efficiently handed to a teammate making a 4 on 3 state of affairs. Word {that a} lifeless ball in opposition to a very aggressive defender may be a drawback state. 

In these totally different states the offense is at all times working to create benefits whereas the protection is making an attempt to maintain the offense neutralised. Watch the video under to see how we outline benefit at Basketball Immersion:

Why is Dominoes Essential?

One thing which surprises me is how usually gamers of all ranges from U14 to professional should not clear with what the aim of offense is. This may even be seen in video games on the NCAA and sure professional ranges with gamers working actions and units with out making an attempt to hunt a bonus by means of beating the protection. If coaches use the dominoes framework perceive the goal of offense, it helps gamers from as younger as 13 years outdated grasp offensive ideas which is able to stick with them for his or her entire careers, no matter what offensive system their coach runs. The goal of offense might subsequently be succinctly described as “working collectively to start out and convert a number of dominoes sequences as usually as potential.” Word that this might imply taking pictures on the primary cross if a ROB shot exists from this motion. So usually I hear coaches deem good offense as being when the ball enters the paint or modifications sides however these are merely indicators, NOT figuring out components. If we get a ROB shot with out one in every of these two issues occurring does it imply it was a ‘dangerous’ offensive possession? 

It’s essential for extra youth gamers and coaches to pay attention to what dominoes seems like and the significance of regularly referring again to those reference factors. Fortuitously an increasing number of coaches are actually doing an important job at understanding and emphasising the significance of discovering and creating a bonus, however what about educating it?

Benefit Begins

Throughout the conventional expertise coaching business, static 1 on 1 is extraordinarily widespread. In actuality, there are only some particular gamers even on the highest ranges of the NBA and WNBA who can persistently create dominoes sequences doing this. Sometimes this implies utilizing fast two and three particular person actions generally known as triggers to create dominoes conditions until there’s a state of affairs enjoying in opposition to a workforce that includes a participant who’s an excessive defensive legal responsibility. 

For youthful gamers and novices, it’s essential to offer them a bonus as a result of it permits gamers to have quite a lot of success in addition to creating choices. Their ability degree is just not ok to create from impartial persistently and they’re going to probably not have enjoyable if spending lots of time on this state as a result of the success price is proscribed. Taking part in with a numerical benefit resembling a 2-on-1 or 3-on-2 allows gamers to develop essential expertise and benefit from the recreation, or utilizing static or dynamic begins which result in positional benefits to drive and assault.

On Immersion, we’ve got plenty of totally different concepts for small sided video games you need to use along with your gamers on the above. On this pattern, we do must watch out after we go too far the opposite method. Some traits I’m seeing continuously as of late embrace:

  • Coaches spending an excessive amount of time enjoying with benefit (I do know this as a result of I used to do it!)
  • All the time utilizing static begins that are unrealistic (I additionally used to do that)
  • Not encouraging gamers to create their very own benefits in full-court actions (responsible of this one too). 

Partially 2 of this weblog, titled “Benefit = Drawback”, we’ll unpack these extra and provide some options for avoiding these pitfalls.

See extra examples of how we created Dominoes conditions with our program School Prep:

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