Sustaining Offensive Benefit in Basketball

Let’s start by defining what an offensive benefit seems like. I exploit the next terminology to assist gamers in any respect ranges from youth to professional perceive what a bonus seems like. 

What Does an Benefit Look Like?

A positional benefit is when the defender’s positioning results in a bonus alternative. This could possibly be a smaller benefit such because the defender on the offensive participant’s shoulder or a small distance away, or an even bigger benefit with the defender a sizeable hole away from the offensive participant. Positional benefit alternatives are most sometimes seen in close-out conditions, or if the defender is transferring at pace and never fully chest-to-chest (impartial). 

A person benefit could possibly be a match-up benefit similar to a giant being guarded by a small within the low submit (mouse) or a small being guarded by a giant on the perimeter (some groups name this “elephant” within the NBA, however I exploit Zico Coronel’s “turtle” phrasing). Whereas these may result in apparent static 1 on 1 alternatives to transform the benefit, any dimension benefit the offensive participant possesses over their test results in extra alternatives to take photographs which can not usually be doable.

A numerical benefit is conditions similar to a 1v0, 2v1, 3v2 and so on. Whereas these are commonest in transition, some coverages can result in momentary numerical benefits being created. As an illustration, a 2 on 1 is created in a Decide and Roll whereas taking part in vs a drop protection, whereas a 3 on 2 or 4 on 3 could possibly be created taking part in in opposition to a hedge if the ball handler passes the ball into the screener on a brief roll. 

A spacial benefit is conditions the place the offense has a lot of area similar to 1v1 in transition. Regardless that the defender could also be in additional impartial positioning (chest-to-chest), the elevated area the offense has by way of the shortage of different gamers may put them at a slight benefit. 


Dominoes might be outlined because the second a bonus seems and we drive and kick or transfer the ball to get a fantastic shot.

Ross McMains’ good dominoes idea serves as a enjoyable and contemporary analogy for serving to gamers perceive offensive benefit. Utilizing the time period dominoes helps gamers perceive that the purpose of offense is to transform the benefit as soon as it seems by maintaining the dominoes falling till the sequence ends. Whereas the aim is to get the final domino to fall in a optimistic method by taking a fantastic shot (I exploit the ROB framework of Vary, Open, Stability), much less fascinating endings may happen from poor shot choice or a turn-over.  Different dominoes risks embrace the alternative of Ross’ dominoes guidelines. These could be taking poor first contact choices, spacing which permits 1 defender to protect 2, and clogging the paint after a drive.

Ending Dominoes Possessions

From my expertise teaching in numerous international locations throughout Europe, benefit could be a troublesome phrase to grasp. The phrase for dominoes in every nation is usually very near the English and one thing particularly which resonates with youngsters. I don’t distinguish between a small benefit and massive benefit anymore. I discover that giving the purpose of ending each dominoes possession with a ROB shot helps gamers perceive these ideas sufficient. It’s additionally necessary to keep in mind that ROB is totally different for each participant, as not everybody must shoot massive benefit photographs. For a very good shooter even at U16’s, taking pictures when in a small benefit state the place the protection can not alter the shot is a passable end result.

A technique I assist gamers perceive that is for them to image a set of dominoes, with the final domino to fall being referred to as “ROB.” This implies it makes no distinction whether or not we get an extended dominoes possession with a number of drive, kick, additional sequences or a brief possession with a set off and one move. Generally the shorter possessions might be simplest if it ends within the ROB shot.

Even when the result is a miss, you will need to encourage the behaviour and the trouble of the crew in with the ability to constantly produce ROB photographs. Along with ROB, the shot threshold and high quality of the FG try additionally must be mentioned with the crew to find out what sort of shot a GREAT shot actually is.

Phases of the Sport

Three phases exist for the offense inside any explicit possession: 

Benefit (Dominoes): the 4 varieties as outlined above: positional, particular person, numerical or spatial.

Impartial: not one of the 4 kinds of benefit exist. I.e. the protection are matched up with even numbers, like for like personnel, and the on-ball defender in a chest-to-chest relationship not giving up an apparent driving route.

Drawback: some coaches contemplate two defenders on the ball to be a bonus (e.g. a lure). I do contemplate this to truly be a drawback: it solely turns into a bonus if the ball leaves the offensive participant’s palms and is efficiently handed to a teammate making a 4 on 3 state of affairs. Observe {that a} lifeless ball in opposition to a very aggressive defender is also a drawback state. 

In these totally different states the offense is all the time working to create benefits whereas the protection is making an attempt to maintain the offense neutralised. Watch the video under to see how we outline benefit at Basketball Immersion:

Why is Dominoes Essential?

One thing which surprises me is how typically gamers of all ranges from U14 to professional will not be clear with what the aim of offense is. This will even be seen in video games on the NCAA and sure professional ranges with gamers operating actions and units with out making an attempt to hunt a bonus by way of beating the protection. If coaches use the dominoes framework perceive the purpose of offense, it helps gamers from as younger as 13 years outdated grasp offensive ideas which can stick with them for his or her entire careers, no matter what offensive system their coach runs. The purpose of offense may due to this fact be succinctly described as “working collectively to start out and convert a number of dominoes sequences as typically as doable.” Observe that this might imply taking pictures on the primary move if a ROB shot exists from this motion. So typically I hear coaches deem good offense as being when the ball enters the paint or modifications sides however these are merely indicators, NOT figuring out components. If we get a ROB shot with out one among these two issues occurring does it imply it was a ‘unhealthy’ offensive possession? 

It’s crucial for extra youth gamers and coaches to pay attention to what dominoes seems like and the significance of continually referring again to those reference factors. Luckily increasingly more coaches at the moment are doing a fantastic job at understanding and emphasising the significance of discovering and creating a bonus, however what about instructing it?

Benefit Begins

Inside the conventional expertise coaching trade, static 1 on 1 is extraordinarily well-liked. In actuality, there are just a few particular gamers even on the highest ranges of the NBA and WNBA who can constantly create dominoes sequences doing this. Sometimes this implies utilizing fast two and three individual actions often called triggers to create dominoes conditions except there’s a state of affairs taking part in in opposition to a crew that includes a participant who’s an excessive defensive legal responsibility. 

For youthful gamers and learners, it’s crucial to present them a bonus as a result of it permits gamers to have quite a lot of success in addition to creating choices. Their talent degree is solely not ok to create from impartial constantly and they’ll possible not have enjoyable if spending lots of time on this state as a result of the success price is restricted. Enjoying with a numerical benefit similar to a 2-on-1 or 3-on-2 permits gamers to develop crucial expertise and benefit from the recreation, or utilizing static or dynamic begins which result in positional benefits to drive and assault.

On Immersion, now we have a lot of totally different concepts for small sided video games you should utilize along with your gamers on the above. On this pattern, we do should watch out once we go too far the opposite approach. Some developments I’m seeing continuously today embrace:

  • Coaches spending an excessive amount of time taking part in with benefit (I do know this as a result of I used to do it!)
  • All the time utilizing static begins that are unrealistic (I additionally used to do that)
  • Not encouraging gamers to create their very own benefits in full-court actions (responsible of this one too). 

Partially 2 of this weblog, titled “Benefit = Drawback”, we’ll unpack these extra and provide some options for avoiding these pitfalls.

See extra examples of how we created Dominoes conditions with our program Faculty Prep:

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