Conceptual Offense and Dynamic Methods Concept

Over the previous couple of months, numerous the content material shared at Basketball Immersion has centered on the concepts of ecological dynamics and the way we are able to encourage repetition with out repetition within the observe setting. One thing generally ignored is how this additionally extends to how groups play offense. An alternate that I’ve explored is conceptual offense.

Rule Based mostly Offenses 

Many conventional offenses don’t align with dynamic methods concept. Dynamic methods concept is the concept basketball is a fancy sport with excessive ranges of unpredictability and an infinite variety of potential actions and variables. Conventional offenses are rule or sample primarily based with coaches making an attempt to manage their gamers by way of operating the identical patterns, despite the fact that the sport can’t be predicted.

That is the overall reverse from what really occurs the second the ball is tipped off. As a substitute of making an attempt to manage the sport, we acknowledge that basketball is a fancy system and put together our gamers to adapt to the numerous conditions which face them.

Many conventional offenses are set or sample primarily based, with coaches anticipating gamers to run patterns by way of to the top. Examples of such included continuities, movement offenses and inflexible set performs with out room for creativity or going off-script. Many occasions this doesn’t occur and gamers are left scrambling as they try and create a bonus with the shot clock winding down. 

This extends to the learn and react offense which has been vastly in style with youth coaches through the years. As coaches, we more likely to simplify issues, which may be helpful at occasions. Nevertheless, this comes with the chance of being too reductionist. The learn and react is the prime instance of this as we can’t put the sport into layers and containers and count on the identical outcomes each time. 

As with different conventional offenses, the primary drawback with the learn and react stems from the truth that it’s a rules-based and never a principle-based offensive system. The next comes from Coach Ashley Cookson:

“Rule-based offenses are inflexible with a set motion resolution primarily based on the place of the ball, different teammates and the spacing alignment eg. move, minimize, substitute. It’s a ‘you have to’ means of taking part in with no house for what occurs if gamers are in several conditions or spacings.”

In-context, this implies it may turn into very predictable and simple to scout. These offenses can restrict gamers as they’re successfully over-constrained, being instructed to solely act upon sure affordances. Any actions exterior of this scope usually are not inspired. This limits participant improvement in the long term, versus growing the power to behave upon all the various affordances which seem inside the sport. Gamers develop tunnel imaginative and prescient turning into so centered on operating guidelines and patterns.

The Different 

A conceptual offense aligns with dynamic methods concept. We settle for the truth that each end result might be completely different as a result of the duty constraints throughout every possession are completely different: positions, offensive gamers concerned, defensive match-ups, coverages used, timing, and extra. Operating the identical sample every time on offense is just unimaginable.

To play this offense, we’ve got to offer possession and freedom to the gamers in the beginning. Many coaches are scared to do that, however the outcomes may be unimaginable. The coach can’t management the whole lot: it’s merely unimaginable given the gamers are those who play the sport and make choices.

A conceptual offense consists of ideas resembling spacing templates, set off scope, and predominant protection options. However there are an infinite variety of prospects and large variability in how these are executed. As an illustration these triggers are carried out in several areas, with completely different teammates, making use of completely different protection options and mixing sure triggers collectively. 

The entire purpose is to set off dominoes. At this level, the gamers are taking part in with ideas. They act upon affordances with out being over-constrained by the coach’s system. As an illustration, they could want to maintain the nook when there may be deep assist versus appearing with a minimize and slide if the protection connected. Be aware nevertheless that these usually are not inflexible automatics. 


Inside a conceptual framework, we wish gamers to behave upon alternatives to go-off script and create a bonus. That is the alternative to operating patterns by way of to the top, and being critiqued by the coach if gamers do one thing completely different. Gamers turn into attuned to the numerous affordances current within the sport to punish the protection and create some kind of offensive benefit.

A key a part of taking part in conceptual offense is protection options. Gamers select what sluggish or quick triggers are used primarily based upon tempo of the sport however should be misleading to constantly create benefits by making use of varied options. It’s the interacting constraints for that individual second which shapes the protection resolution used. These usually are not scripted as a result of every scenario is dependent upon the person and process constraints.

As an illustration, a participant might maintain a decide to punish drop protection (process constraint is the kind of protection) to create a numerical benefit as an alternative of slipping out and making an attempt to get behind the drop defender. This fits the participant’s particular person constraints as a result of they aren’t in a position to speed up quickly and thus they aren’t a rim or lob risk.

Groups can’t depend on only one protection resolution vs a specific protection as a result of that is predictable. The purpose is to be unpredictable. That is why we additionally run triggers primarily based on completely different areas to additional distort the protection.

The thought is that the gamers are developed properly sufficient to have a fantastic data of their setting. This implies for sluggish triggers like Horns, we’ve got one name (the Horns begin) however they go into completely something off this. Gamers are inspired to be artistic when utilizing triggers in any alignment.

In fact there’s a time to run set performs. That is when the sport slows down and the ball goes out of bounds. An intensive variety of set performs is just not crucial. Slightly than having many alternative units, we play with two units however the gamers are empowered to go off-script the second they sense a possibility to set off dominoes inside the set. This could possibly be throughout the very first sequence inside the set! If we’ve got to get to the top of the set to set off a bonus, we most definitely haven’t been misleading sufficient throughout the earlier sequences.

Gamers Be taught The right way to Play vs What to Play

 Throughout this weblog, we’ve got embedded some suggestions and feedback from BDT Offense coaches from world wide who’ve transitioned to a conceptual offense:

“I’ve discovered that, as coaches throughout a sport, we are able to make less complicated and extra direct changes to assault any protection. As a substitute of calling units to hopefully get a bonus a few passes into the play, we use triggers and generally focus these in a specific house on the ground or in opposition to a selected matchup. Each participant may be very conscious of their function and talent to influence the play due to BDT Offense ideas.”

– Jon Ellsworth, North Davis Junior Excessive, Clearfield, Utah

One of many predominant messages from coaches utilizing the BDT this 12 months was the way it reworked the power for his or her gamers to be adaptive and play out of quite a lot of completely different offensive actions. 

“Wonderful useful resource you place collectively. It helped immensely to have a vocabulary and ideas to confer with for observe and sport functions. I benefitted from having the ability to make the most of the data supplied in our sport plans. Particularly, having the ability to provide you with a plan and A,B,C contingencies that had been linked to what we practiced. The triggers that we primarily used had been Will get, Decide and Roll, and Display screen Aways. I used to be stunned how shortly a number of the varsity gamers picked up “twisting” the display. Will get had been a staple for us as retains and handoffs had been notably useful.” 

– Marcus Wilson, Kentlake HS in Washington

Basketball is a fancy system so making a play type that aligns with the concepts of dynamic methods concept means gamers can higher adapt to what they see within the sport. Many movement offenses result in gamers making an attempt to execute patterns which implies they turn into dialled out of the power to behave upon affordances and create benefits.

The purpose of all coaches on the youth and collegiate ranges needs to be to develop their gamers to succeed in their true potential. The underside line is that many inflexible units and continuities solely develop gamers for that individual setting. When gamers graduate to a different program, it takes years for them to adapt to the brand new scenario as a result of they’ve been confined to such a selected offense.

A conceptual offense contains all of the triggers that gamers would count on to see in any playbook once they turn into older. This prepares them to instantly have the ability to slot in with new groups as a result of they know the best way to play, not simply what to play. 

Participant Improvement

“I’m so grateful to have been a part of the BDT Offense group. It has actually supported my teaching observe and likewise the training and improvement of my athletes.”

– Brandyn Have been, New Zealand

Inside conceptual offense groups, participant and workforce improvement are intertwined. It’s unimaginable to separate each approaches. Every part that gamers do is linked to the general sport mannequin as to what phrase of the sport they’re in, and the way they’re creating and utilizing benefits. 

Moreover by growing the offense by way of adopting an ecological dynamics framework, it has big advantages not simply by way of participant improvement, but in addition in creating a strong sport mannequin. It’s because the offense is extremely unpredictable, enjoyable, accelerates participant improvement, and is unimaginable for different groups to organize for or scout.

“I purchased the BDT Offense a few weeks in the past and already integrated a number of the concepts and ideas into my coaching. I’m nonetheless amazed by the depth and element it affords! I like to offer my gamers extra freedom and make them learn the scenario higher vs counting on strict set performs.” 

– Alexander Hanowski, Kronshagen, Germany

With the BDT Offense, protection options kind a key a part of the event of each people and the workforce. As an illustration, when taking part in in opposition to switching in a Decide and Roll, a conceptual offense workforce might have seven options that they use in practices (Reject, Slip, Ghost, Flip, Veer, Cross Forward & Relay, Skip Cross). Critically, the concept is that anybody of those could possibly be utilized by gamers primarily based on the interplay of constraints, versus coaches making an attempt to script the options.

As an illustration, one participant could also be notably well-versed at rejecting and have a slower defender defending them. In the meantime, a workforce might have a sharpshooter in a Shake Decide and Roll positioned on the back-side, so the picker decides to veer off to display their defender (Veer PNR) after seeing their defender put together the swap.

Whereas gamers execute these protection options, the best way they do that technically fully relies upon once more on particular person and process constraints. As an illustration, a defender with lengthy arms, positioned near the handler, might imply the ball handler chooses to wrap the ball behind their again as they reject. They act on this primarily based on the data of their setting and the very fact they understand the shut positioning of the defensive participant.

That is another excuse why the standard method of drills in an on-air observe (info processing) is futile as a result of as an alternative of making adaptability, it promotes inflexibility as gamers construct up a psychological mannequin of their head of the ‘appropriate means’ of utilizing a way which is de-contexualised. 

In conceptual offense groups, gamers turn into so attuned to all the chances as a result of the identical affordances are re-recreated within the observe setting. Making an attempt to repeatedly run a sample with none room for creativity is basically like Taylorism and Henry Ford!

Try some conceptual offense concepts right here:

Construct a Vocabulary 

TQ Senkungu and his workforce

“The offense and ideas for language and a curriculum have been nice. It provides me and the gamers a plan for the season. It’s a useful gizmo for us.”

– TQ Senkungu, Plano, Texas

“The course was wonderful. I discovered rather a lot concerning the BDT Offense and the best way to coach gamers in new ideas. I’ll undoubtedly use many items of the course.”

– Nastassia Taels, Belgium

One of many key advantages of the conceptual offensive framework is the way it develops the gamers’ data in and of their setting. Data within the setting is extra vital and this implies gamers can show an understanding of the best way to be adaptive and act upon the related affordances. Data of the setting is the power for gamers to explain a few of these actions with specific terminologies, protection options with specific terminologies, and extra.

Data of is just not as vital as data in as a result of a participant might be able to describe one thing however then not have the ability to act upon this inside a observe or sport. Nevertheless, utilizing a glossary may be crucial to assist gamers place consideration on the correct issues on the proper time. So long as there’s a wholesome stability and coaches prioritize gamers collaborating in process consultant actions at observe, having a typical language can solely speed up the gamers’ improvement and talent to attach inside video games.

Identical Offense vs Zone and Man

“I’ve extra success vs. Zone with BDT than another offense I’ve run. We relentlessly assault after which transfer the ball – my groups have typically gotten caught in perimeter passing from stationary spots. So BDT has been profitable in instructing higher play. Triggers I exploit embrace Blast Cuts, Will get, Ball Display screen and a few Display screen Away. I might be making Flare Screens a precedence subsequent 12 months. Protection options are undoubtedly helpful – I exploit easy options with U12 youngsters they usually have begun to play with eyes up much more and I see much more rim assaults with confidence. It’s conceptual, not complete. I adapt it to U15 Boys and Ladies and U12 boys in a different way. I’ve needed to establish spacing methods and roles for every workforce, however on the whole, it’s versatile sufficient to switch to every stage, and structured sufficient to information offense successfully.

– Jon Ellsworth, North Davis Junior Excessive, Clearfield, Utah

Many coaches have fully completely different offensive methods when the duty constraints change, most notably the adjustment of the protection from man-to-man to zone. It’s because their pattern-based offenses usually are not suitable in opposition to the zone.

Once more, that is one other one of many predominant benefits for the conceptual offense. Nothing adjustments. Gamers hold taking part in with the identical ideas, simply adapting to the duty constraints at-hand to create a bonus. Simple! 

Wins Video games

Many coaches are scared to attempt new issues resulting from job preservation. This isn’t a priority with a conceptual offense. Not solely does it develop gamers, however the uniqueness of the framework and distinction to nearly all of offenses that basketball coaches use means it places groups in a fantastic place to win extra video games.

Coach Ryan Josephson in Oregon skilled nice outcomes this 12 months utilizing the BDT Offense:

“This 12 months we went 20-4 and set college data in quite a few offensive classes resembling:

  • Most Crew Factors in a Sport (105).  Additionally had the third highest all-time with (95).
  • Largest Victory Margin in a Sport (58).  Largest Victory Margin in a Season (18.4).
  • Most FGM in a sport.  Most 3FGM in a sport.  Highest 2FG% in a sport.  Most assists in a sport (30 – set it twice).
  • 2nd most wins in a season (20-4) in 100+ years of college historical past
  • 2nd longest win streak in class historical past with 10 in a row
  • Most factors in a season (1826) and most PPG in a season (76.1).
  • Most FGM, 2FGM, 3FGM in a season.  Highest eFG%, 2FG% in a season, 2nd highest 3FG% in a season.  Most assists in a season.

We had a couple of gamers go and attain related particular person data.  One participant was chosen to the All-State workforce.”

– Ryan Josephson, Oregon, USA

Fulfilling the whole potential of your gamers whereas giving your workforce the very best likelihood to win video games is the purpose for all coaches. That is why the BDT Offense is such a worthwhile resolution for coaches in any respect ranges of the sport.

Obtain life-time entry to the BDT Offense at There’s additionally a particular promo with $100 off for BI Members. Contact to your low cost code.

Discover out extra concepts about conceptual offense right here:


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